Child Labor

1. Child Labor refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labor. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organizations and is illegal in many countries.

Millions of children are engaged in hazardous situations or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery. They are everywhere but invisible, toiling as domestic servants in homes, laboring behind the walls of workshops, hidden from view in plantations.

UNICEF (http://www.unicef.org/protection/index_childlabour.html)

2. Stats and Facts

There are 218 million child laborers in the world

14% of all children between 5 and 17 years are child laborers

1 in 7 children around the world is a child laborer

63% of children in Mali aged 5-14 years are child laborers.

38% of children in Cambodia and 47% in Burkina Faso are working.

22% of child laborers work in the service industry – retail, restaurants & hotels, transport, finance, business community and social services

9% of child laborers work in industry – mining, quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities.

Every year 22,000 children die in work related accidents.

69% of child laborers work in agriculture – hunting, forestry, fishing and agriculture.

3.Charts and diagrams

http://www.stopchildlabour.eu/stopchildlabour/English/About-Child-Labour/Facts-Figures

http://chnm.gmu.edu/cyh/primary-sources/350

This Site is great to see where child labor is (and the intensity). http://www.fisek.org.tr/atlas_maps.php

4. Current Events/5. Stories

Child Slavery in India: http://www.unicef.org/education/india_55444.html

This is a documentary on slavery on Haiti: http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2008/10/200810132256391211.html

6. Advocacy Program Sites

Site on Child Labor:

http://www.freethechildren.com/getinvolved/geteducated/childlabour.htm

7. Millennium Development Goals and UNCRC statements

MDG’s:

1. to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;

2. to achieve universal primary education;

4. to reduce child mortality;

Go to this site to see more on MDG’s:

http://www.who.int/topics/millennium_development_goals/about/en/index.html

UNCRC statements:

Article 6: children have a right to life. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop. Article 11: Governments should take steps to stop children being taken out of their own country illegally. Article 16: Children have a right to privacy. The law should protect them from attacks against their way of life, their good name, their families, and their homes. Article 19: Governments should ensure that children are properly cared for and protect them form violence, abuse, and neglect by their parents or anyone else who looks after them. Article 24: Children have the right to good quality health care and to clean water, nutritious food, and clean environments so that they will stay healthy. Rich countries should help poor countries achieve this. Article 27 Children have a right to a standard of living that is good enough to meet their physical and mental needs. The government should help families who cannot afford this. Article 31: all Children have a right to relax and play and to join a wide range of activities. Article 32 The government should protect children from work that is dangerous or harm their health or their education. Article 35: The government should make sure that children are not abducted or sold. Article 38: Governments should not allow children under 15 to join the army. Children in war zones should receive special protection.

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