1. A Disability (or lack of a given ability, as the “dis” qualifier denotes) in humans may be physical, cognitive/mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination of these.
An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.”
An individual may also qualify as disabled if he/she has had an impairment in the past or is seen as disabled based on a personal or group standard or norm. Such impairments may include physical, sensory, and cognitive or developmental disabilities. Mental disorders (also known as psychiatric or psychosocial disability) and various types of chronic disease may also qualify as disabilities.
Some advocates object to describing certain conditions (notably deafness and autism) as “disabilities”, arguing that it is more appropriate to consider them developmental differences that have been unfairly stigmatized by society.
A disability may occur during a person’s lifetime or may be present from birth.
2. Stats and Facts
Around 10 per cent of the world’s population, or 650 million people, live with a disability. They are the world’s largest minority.
Eighty per cent of persons with disabilities live in developing countries, according to the UN Development Programme (UNDP).
The World Bank estimates that 20 per cent of the world’s poorest people are disabled, and tend to be regarded in their own communities as the most disadvantaged.
According to UNICEF, 30 per cent of street youths are disabled.
Ninety per cent of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school, says UNESCO.
For every child killed in warfare, three are injured and permanently disabled.
In some countries, up to a quarter of disabilities result from injuries and violence, says WHO.
Persons with disabilities are more likely to be victims of violence or rape, according to a 2004 British study, and less likely to obtain police intervention, legal protection or preventive care.
Research indicates that violence against children with disabilities occurs at annual rates at least 1.7 times greater than for their non-disabled peers. (From Lecture notes)
5. Stories and Experiences…
6. Advocacy Program
Kindernothilfe supports girls and boys with disabilities in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Its policy is to support children with disabilities, strengthen parents in their fight for survival and sensitise the public so that these children are better accepted and integrated. The support of children with moderately severe and very severe physical, sensorial, intellectual or psycho-social disabilities is one of the main focuses of Kindernothilfe’s work and it supports more than 7,000 children with disabilities across the globe.
7. UNCRC Statements and MDG’s
MDG’s: #1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger. #2 Achieve Universal Primary Education.
UNCRC Statements Article 23: Children who have any kind of disability should have special care and support so that they can lead a full and independent lives. Article 27: Children have a right to a standard of livig that is good enough to meet their physical and mental needs. The government should help families who cannot afford to provide this.
8. Biblical References and Stories…It is so interesting to me to read the Bible keeping in mind different things, God just seems to highlight stories that you have read so many times and he puts a different light on it showing me more of His heart!
Deuteronomy 27:18 : “Cursed is anyone who leads the blind astray on the road…”
Matthew 15:30 : “Great crowds came to him, bringing the lame, the blind, the crippled, the mute and many others, and laid them at his feet; and he healed them.”
Luke 13:10 : [ Jesus Heals a Crippled Woman on the Sabbath ]
Luke 14:13 : “But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind,”
10. Recommended Books
~Adopting the Hurt Child: Hope for Families with Special-Needs Kids (http://www.amazon.com/Adopting-Hurt-Child-Families-Special-Needs/dp/1576830942)
~Don’t Call Me Special: A First Look at Disability (http://www.amazon.com/Dont-Call-Me-Special-Disability/dp/0764121189/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1298748098&sr=1-2)