HIV and AIDS

1. HIV and AIDS & 2. Stats and Facts!

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk. This transmission can involve anal, vaginal or oral sex, blood transfusion, contaminated hypodermic needles, exchange between mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding or other exposure to one of the above bodily fluids.

AIDS is now a pandemic. As of 2009, AVERT estimated that there are 33.3 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS, with 2.6 million new HIV infections per year and 1.8 million annual deaths due to AIDS. In 2007, UNAIDS estimated: 33.2 million people worldwide had AIDS that year; AIDS killed 2.1 million people in the course of that year, including 330,000 children, and 76% of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. According to UNAIDS 2009 report, worldwide some 60 million people have been infected, with some 25 million deaths, and 14 million orphaned children in southern Africa alone since the epidemic began.

Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1981 and its cause, HIV, identified in the early 1980s.

Although treatments for AIDS and HIV can slow the course of the disease, there is no known cure or vaccine. Antiretroviral treatment reduces both the mortality and the morbidity of HIV infection, but these drugs are expensive and routine access to antiretroviral medication is not available in all countries. Due to the difficulty in treating HIV infection, preventing infection is a key aim in controlling the AIDS pandemic, with health organizations promoting safe sex and needle-exchange programmes in attempts to slow the spread of the virus.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS)

3. Charts

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(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:People_living_with_HIV_AIDS_world_map.PNG)

4.Current News Articles

A block party brings awareness to HIV and AIDS in their community:

http://www.gainesville.com/article/20110302/GUARDIAN/110309845/-1/entertainment?Title=Block-party-helps-raise-awareness-of-HIV-AIDS

A woman who is diagnosed with HIV nearly two decades ago, is now an advocate to helping other who struggle with the same thing!:

http://www.newschannel5.com/story/14183522/local-non-profit-gets-grant-to-fight-aids

Here is an interesting article about observing and bringing awareness to HIV and AIDS in Maryland: http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/health/2011/03/state_observes_womens_hivaids.html

Okay so i noticed after the fact that this article is a year old, but it has some interesting facts on HIV and AIDS in B.C., Canada:

http://www2.canada.com/albernivalleytimes/news/story.html?id=b7a97ccb-49c1-4c70-a68c-e6ce48cee582

7.MDG and UNCRC statements

MGD: #1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger. #4 Reduce Child Mortality. #6 Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases

UNCRC Statements: Article 19 Governments should esure that children ater properly cared for and protect them from violence, abuse, and neglect by their parents or anyone else who looks after them. Article 20 Children who cannot be looked after by their own family must be looked after properly by people who respect their religion, culture, and language. Article 24 Children have the right to good quality health care and clean water, nutritious food, and a clean environment so that they will stay healthy. Rich countries should help poor countries achieve this. Article 26 The government should provide extra money for the children of families in need. Article 27 Children have a right to a standard of living that is good enough to meet their physical and mental needs. The government should help families who can not afford to provide this.

8. Bible Stories and References

Exodus 15:26
He said, “If you listen carefully to the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you.

Leviticus 15:1-6

1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When any man has an unusual bodily discharge, such a discharge is unclean. 3 Whether it continues flowing from his body or is blocked, it will make him unclean. This is how his discharge will bring about uncleanness:

4 “‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, and anything he sits on will be unclean. 5 Anyone who touches his bed must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. 6 Whoever sits on anything that the man with a discharge sat on must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening.

Leviticus 18:9 “Do not have sexual relations with your sister, either your father’s daughter or your mother’s daughter, whether she was born in the same home or elsewhere.”

Proverbs 5:19-20  Why be captivated, my son, by an adulteress? Why embrace the bosom of another man’s wife? For a man’s ways are in full view of the LORD, and he examines all his paths. The evil deeds of a wicked man ensnare him; the cords of his sin hold him fast.

Proverbs 5:27-29 Can a man scoop fire into his lap without his clothes being burned? Can a man walk on hot coals without his feet being scorched? So is he who sleeps with another man’s wife; no one who touches her will go unpunished.

Proverbs 5:32  But a man who commits adultery lacks judgment; whoever does so destroys himself.

9.Role and Authority of Church, Government, Media, Community, and Family.

The family of anyone struggling with the disease of HIV and/or AIDS should be their first and main financial and emotional support. The church should be an advocate in helping with those who have aids in their community. The Community should help with programs to bring awareness and help. The media should be bringing awareness to the disease to not have it as a secret, but to show people it is a problem in all countries. Also should be showing preventatives for the disease. The media should also guide people to programs that help people with the disease, and what a individual can do to be a advocate. The government should have available treatment to all people and help those in poverty with the disease.

10.Books…

Book on aids in Africa and more:

(http://www.amazon.com/HIV-AIDS-Africa-Beyond-Epidemiology/dp/0631223576/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1299287148&sr=1-1)

Not a book, but a great resource on HIV and AIDS: (http://www.bms.com/documents/STF/manual/resource_06.pdf)

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