There are a few different types of street children. One being the children who are on the street most of the day roaming and living, but they do have a home to go to.
Then there are the kids who just have nothing to do or no place to go. They may have ad a home or parents, but now they are or the streets either because they ran away or got kicked out. Then there are the street kids who are there because there whole family is living on the streets.
I like the way UNICEF has defined three types of street children: Street-Living, Street-Working, Street-Family.
- Street Living Children: children who ran away from their families and live alone on the streets.
- Street Working Children: children who spend most of their time on the streets, fending for themselves, but returning home on a regular basis
- Children from Street Families: children who live on the streets with their families. (http://www.mexico-child-link.org/street-children-definition-statistics.htm)
- Stats and Facts
- Mexico City has 1,900,000 underprivileged and street children. 240,000 of these are abandoned children.
- In 1996, the Inter-American Development Bank and UNICEF estimated there were 40 million children living or working on the streets of Latin America–out of an estimated total population of 500 million.
- Begging – Some 20% of the children survive by begging, 24% by selling goods, and others by doing subcontracting work.
- 8-11 million children under the age of 15 years are working in Mexico.(http://www.mexico-child-link.org/street-children-definition-statistics.htm)
- Colombia 5,000 to 9,000 children live on the streets of Bogota, Colombia.
- France France has about 10,000 street children.
- Worldwide At least 100 million children worldwide are believed to live at least part of the time on the streets. . . These street children are first and foremost working children. (UNICEF, 29 March 1994)
- Africa Children now make up half of the population of Africa. Many in urban areas are reduced to living on the streets, surviving through begging, theft and violence.
- Brazil Homeless children in Brazil number around 12 million. (http://kievstreetkids.org/statistics.htm)
- Current News Articles
- She used to entertain rich men in Dutch night clubs. But 26-year old Lenneke Meulenkamp now helps street children in Kampala’s Kivulu slum. An internet dating site and a performance by a Ugandan children’s choir in an Amsterdam church changed her life. Read full article here: http://www.rnw.nl/africa/article/dutch-ex-prostitute-helps-uganda’s-street-children
- Street children to wait a little longer for a school, shelter:CHENNAI: Thirteen-year-old Sivasailam, a platform dweller, was to have got proper schooling, a hostel to stay and a job in a private company under the Chennai Corporation scheme to rehabilitate 3778 street children. His dream will have to wait a bit longer. Read full article here:http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-03-15/chennai/28691281_1_street-children-schooling-new-project
- St. Petersburg street children grow up – but they’re still on the streets. Read Article here:http://www.hs.fi/english/article/St+Petersburg+street+children+grow+up+-+but+theyre+still+on+the+streets/1135264612187
- Advocacy Programs
Njia Panda ya Tumaini (npyt) translates from Swahili to ‘Crossroads of Hope’ and is a Kenyan Community Based Organization (CBO) assisting children and communities through integrated development initiatives. npyt facilitates the rehabilitation of street and other abused or neglected children by encouraging close links between community – child, project – child and project – community. It is currently in practice between 2 centres both near Kitale town in the North Rift Valley of Kenya. (http://www.npyt.org/index.php)
As a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) based in the UK, we work with local partners to tackle the complex needs of children living on the streets. We are committed to supporting the development of street child organizations in Africa, building connections and links with our Street Action community of supporters around the world. (http://streetaction.org)
- Biblical References
Death has climbed in through our windows and has entered our fortresses; it has removed the children from the streets and the young men from the public squares.
My eyes fail from weeping, I am in torment within; my heart is poured out on the ground because my people are destroyed, because children and infants faint in the streets of the city.
Jeremiah 49:11: “Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive. Your widows too can depend on me.”
James 1:27: “Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.”
A cry from the Streets: Rescuing Brazil’s Forgotten Children.
At Home in the Street: Street Children of Northeast Brazil.
Street Children in Kenya: Voices of Children in Search of a Childhood.
Drug, Sex, HIV and Street Children in India